美髮專業技術--常見英文字(詞)-字首T


美髮專業技術--常見英文字(詞)-字首T


 最近增修日期:2009/08/05



回美髮專業技術常用英文--匯整


  隨時搜集匯整一些美髮『技術書』、『網頁』常見的英文用語,讓自己多接觸、常記錄、多使用、廣分享, 我確信不怕多、不怕難,只要有心、日積月累必可讓自己有更多的見聞,因為第一手資料的穫取是不容遲緩的



 


  以下是依據英文字首作分類,每個常見英文用語後面是對照的中譯用法,及英文單字相關的使用範例。內容若有錯誤,請不吝留言指教


 


  以下這些英文用語有可能來至於:最新知訊、觀念表述、技術解說、操作流程、設計概念、設計原理、基礎理論、專業用詞、工具介紹、髮型流行史、毛髮結構、皮膚生理、化學應用、色彩學、................


  若有新增搜集匯整的字(詞)-將再依序編輯加入以下內容。


 


Tail comb  尖尾梳




  1. I've used a tail comb to comb my male haircut for many years.


  2. Learn how to use a tail comb while braiding hair.


  3. You will need a tail comb and a few clips to hold sections of hair.


  4. The Tail Comb has a combing region of closely-spaced teeth at one end and a long thin "tail-like" handle.The tail is used for separating and sectioning the hair for various styling processes, from roller sets to braiding.


  5. Using a rat tail comb is a great way to zig zag your hair.


  6. By using tail comb move the hairs clockwise by taking square section of hairs then move the hairs in forward direction and create the base of curls carefully.


  7. The Tail Comb is used for separating and sectioning the hair for various styling processes, from roller sets to braiding.


  8. In order to be properly braided, the hair must be combed free of any knots or entanglements. The best tool for braiding is a rat-tail comb.


  9. The Tail Comb is a fine-tooth comb that has a long, tapered handle which is used for parting the hair.


  10. Use the rat tail comb to divide the hair into three equal sections.


  11. Use the rat tail comb to draw more hair from the side of the head into the braid.

     

 


Tangle :糾結,纏結,亂作一團,吵架




  1. What's the best way to tangle  hair?


  2. Using a brush can tangle hair and cause使發生 it to break off停止.


  3. Tangled knotted hair is also a big concern for mixed race hair.


  4. Clean sections with no tangle and minimum lift are maintained throughout the haircut.


  5. Clean sections and partings with no tangle and appropriate lift and distribution of hair are maintained throughout the service according to the haircut plan.


  6. They also complain that their hair tangle a lot.


  7. Don’t rub shampoo in circular motions into your hair and scalp. This will tangle and damage your hair.


  8. Because boys and girls are generally active, hairstyles that are easy to manage and won’t tangle easily are ideal.


  9. Human hair tends to "matt" and "tangle" - this is because the surface of human hair has little "spines" on it, that look like roof tiles under a microscope.


  10. To remove a knot or tangle from hair, try using a wide toothed comb to separate the strands.


  11. To keep long hair tangle free, use a good quality conditioner, comb out tangles from the bottom up and maintain regularly trims.


  12. I'm going to show you some ways to keep your long hair tangle free.


  13. Shags do not typically work well with very fine hair, which can tangle easily and weights down even with carefully designed layers.

 


Taper:一頭逐漸變得尖細的




  1. Lightly layered or tapered ends can frame the face and define feminine features such as the eyes or lips.


  2. This hair style is slightly shorter in back with an upward taper.


  3. Taper: A term that generally refers to a gradually-decreasing lengths of hair – typically becoming shorter as you go down the head to the lower perimeter of the hairline on the sides and back. When referring to the finishing technique of a haircut, tapering means that the hair is cut gradually shorter and shorter but the natural hairline is left in place.


  4. Hair is cut using barbering techniques in accordance with agreed outcome and tapering and balance requirements.


  5. Barbering techniques must include – blend, fading, lineouts showing tapering and blend, square, razor over comb;haircut refers to scissor over comb (entire head), clipper over comb (sides and back), and flattop.  Assessment of all three haircuts is required.


  6. Tapering is also a technique used to remove excess bulk from the hair by using either a razor or thinning shears.


  7. Use closer-cutting guide combs to "taper" the hair down to the neckline, as desired.


  8. Learn how to cut and taper the top of a choppy.



  9. The taper fade hair cut is a slowly increasing or decreasing in the length of the hair. 

 


Taper cut  削薄剪法 




  1. The short taper cut hairstyle is a hairstyle that is cut with longer layers on the top.


  2. If you like, look at my earlier post on how to do a Taper cut.


  3. A "taper" cut is a general name for a cut that gets progressively shorter as the hair approaches the nape of the neck.


  4. You can have a longish taper cut or a very short taper cut-- what makes it a "taper" is the subtle graduation in length.


  5. A crew cut can be considered a very short version of a classic taper cut.


  6. A classic taper cut is simply a short haircut where the sides and back are cut progressively shorter down toward the neck, with even blending throughout.


  7. A good taper cut should show no demarcation lines; the transitions between hair lengths should be smooth.


  8. Tapered cuts are cuts that are longer on the top of the head, and gradually get shorter on the sides and in the back.



 


Target colour 目標色




  1. The target colour may be possible but might require some bleach as above to lighten and this could cause some further damage to your hair ñ do you want to take that risk?


  2. A semi-tint is the kindest correction method but it may not be able to achieve the exact target colour you want.


  3. Your hairdresser can achieve great accuracy with your target colour by mixing a formula selecting from over 100 shades and 4 peroxide strengths for different hair types.


  4. With orange shades mix the colour 1 shade darker than your target colour as the yellow component can result in a washed out shade.


  5. Finish the consultation by deciding on the target colour and application technique.


  6. Should you wish to colour your hair back to your natural colour from previous lightening it can be done in one simple application! Simply select your target colour and leave it on for 40 minutes (dry hair).


  7. What is the difference in depth between the natural hair and the target colour?

 


Technical:專門的,技術性的,工藝的



  1. Autumn/Winter 2008/2009 collections and wanted to create a technical hair cut that would reflect this theme. 

  2. The technical expert may include the hairdresser and/or an experienced person at the workplace.


  3. It was a pretty technical haircut and it lasted a good 45 minutes.


  4. These two mannequins will be used for the women’s haircuts, one technical haircut and design, and a ninety – degree haircut and design. 


  5. Perform hair cut on the mannequin provided by the student according to the technical.


  6. Each contestant will present a completed daytime style according to technical form.


  7. You can get the best haircut in a technical sense, but if you don't feel comfortable with it, you won't carry it well.


  8. Hairstyle design is as much an artistic talent as it is learning technical techniques. 


  9. Hairdressers work from a technical formula foundation which means that they cut and design hairstyles according to a proven hairstyle formula.


  10. Each trainee is required to perform certain technical haircuts and coloring technique's on models.


  11. The standard haircut is a classic example of a labor-intensive service that has experienced little technical progress.

 


 


Technician:技術人員,技師




  1. The professional hair technician will provide you with a wave perm, highlights, straightening, or a new haircut that suites your personality.

 


Technique:技巧,技術,技法




  1. How to do A Razor Haircut technique for Whole全部 Head?


  2. The scissors-over-comb technique, often used by barbers, is essential for many different cuts for men and women.  


  3. Haircutting is a service that allows for a fair amount of creativity. Each client presents a new challenge. As long as your cutting and styling decisions are consistent with the client’s desires and hair type, you can use a variety of techniques to achieve a flattering look for that client.


  4. Braid these vertical sections in the French braid technique, once again continuing the braid as long as it can be maintained smoothly.


  5. In this technique, the hair strand is cut by a sliding movement of the shears, with the blades kept partially opened. Slithering reduces volume and creates movement.


  6. The classic perm winding technique, called overlap winding or croquignole, involves winding the hair on to itself over a rod or roller from tip to base.


  7. This tool comes in a wide variety of diameters and widths and can be used to style hair in many different ways, from small, tight curls to large waves using an overlap technique.


  8. Learn how to control the interior and the exterior using a simple pivoting technique.


  9. Moving the pivot point is a useful modeling technique.


  10. This technique uses curlers of different diameters and is brought together with soft golden tones.


  11. Texturising technique include but are not limited to, slicing, chipping/pointing, slithering, twist cutting and brick cutting.


  12. This technique tends to be used on the sides and back of the hair and keeps the hair at the roots is a flat position.



  13. Hairstyle design is as much an artistic talent as it is learning technical techniques.


 


Technology:工藝,技術,術語,專門語




  1. Curly hairstyles are back again with a combination of new technology and innovation.

 


Telogen:休止期(Definition)--The telogen phase is the resting phase of the hair follicle. At any given time, 10%-15% of all hairs are in the telogen phase. This phase lasts for about 100 days for hairs on the scalp and much longer for hairs on the eyebrow, eyelash, arm and leg.


毛髮的生長周期之一,頭髮中約13﹪屬於休止期(telogen),此階段的毛髮與周圍毛囊的連結逐漸鬆脫,毛髮將會由毛囊脫落,休止期時間約為3~4個月,而且在髮根部位會有新的毛髮長出來,之後舊的毛髮掉落,新的毛髮取而代之。




  1. Telogen hairs fall out very easily. As catagen hairs change to telogen, the tails are slowly reabsorbed into the follicle.


  2. Telogen is the name for the resting stage of the hair growth cycle.


  3. About 25-100 telogen hairs are shed normally each day.


  4. In most people, 5-15% of the hair on the scalp is in telogen at any given time.


  5. On the scalp, anagen lasts approximately 3 years, while telogen lasts roughly 3 months, although there can be wide variation in these times between individuals.


  6. Hair grows in cycles of various phases:anagen is the growth phase; catagen is the involuting or regressing phase; and telogen, the resting or quiescent phase.


  7. Normally up to 90% of the hair follicles are in anagen phase while, 10–14% are in telogen and 1–2% in catagen.


  8. The telogen phase is the resting phase of the hair follicle.


  9. The club hair is the final product of a hair follicle in the telogen stage, and is a dead, fully keratinized hair.


  10. Although telogen is the quiescent or resting period, a telogen follicle may still have a hair fiber in it.


  11. Telogen can be considered as an “anagen break”.


  12. Telogen is considered as the resting stage or the period of quiescence in the hair follicle cycling process.


  13. When hair follicles enter telogen and stop making hair, they dump their last cells on to the end of the fiber.


 


Telogen effluvium:休止期落髮--是一種常見的落髮現象。發生的原因是由於許多毛囊突然提早進入「休止期」,其間頭髮會整體變得稀薄。這種落髮的形成主因是由於體內賀爾蒙改變、藥物、營養不良以及經歷嚴重精神壓力而產生;而婦女在生育後,也會短暫出現這種現象。




  1. Telogen effluvium is an abnormal不正常的 loss of hair due to alteration of the normal hair cycle.


  2. A telogen effluvium is when some stress causes hair roots to be pushed prematurely into the resting state.


  3. Telogen effluvium can be acute or chronic.


  4. A considerable number of different causes for telogen effluvium exist.


  5. The most important issue in telogen effluvium is to determine if an underlying cause for the problem is present.


  6. Chronic telogen effluvium is recently recognized and not uncommon.


  7. If the telogen effluvium is caused by a medication, the medication needs to be stopped.


  8. Telogen effluvium is a form of nonscarring alopecia characterized by diffuse hair shedding, often with an acute onset.


  9. Telogen effluvium can affect hair on all parts of the body, but, generally, only loss of scalp hair is symptomatic.


 


 


Temple:太陽穴,鬢角,教堂,神殿




  1. Temple hair originates in India where Hindu women, who have grown their hair for many years, will offer their hair to the Gods for thanks or well wishes being bestowed upon them and their families.


  2. Temple hair is removed from the head during a religious ceremony.


  3. Because Temple hair is taken from many Hindu women, the Temples have learned to recognize the quality of the hair and sort it accordingly.


  4. Temple hair is when the Indian women will attend their temple and offer their hair for thanks or purification for their lives and well wishes to families.


  5. The Temple holy person will cut the hair as part of a religous ceremony.


  6. Temple hair is in high demand based upon the fact that Temple hair is often virgin Remy hair.


  7. Long fringes at the temples will highlight your eyes and enhance the beauty of your high cheek bones.


  8. Roller set hairstyle with curls along the forehead and temple.


  9. Modern and stylish men's haircut, tapered at the temple and around the ears.


  10. Slick back hair from temple to temple into a high pony tail hair style.


  11. Chin-length haircut with temple-to-temple fringes is the best bet for a diamond shaped face.


  12. The hair is cut to the scalp from the temple and dips low in the back.


  13. Take the section at the left temple and simply twist it repeatedly.


  14. To start, section off 1-3 pieces of hair near each temple. Braid each section and bind with a small elastic band.

 


 


Temporal bones:太陽穴骨、顳骨-- 兩塊顳骨(temporal bones)形成顱腔的下外側及顱底的一部份。




  1. The bones in our temple region are called the temporal bones.


  2. In two other temporal bones, missing outer hair cells were observed in over 50% of the basal turn.


  3. A unique quantitative method was developed to measure the stria vascularis volume in these temporal bones.


  4. Human temporal bones were fixed in Karnovskys solution and prepared according to the block surface technique .


  5. Among several difficulties my hair presents to anyone cutting it are the temporal bones which form slight bulges above my ears, and a weird growth pattern on the neck.


  6. The bones in our temple region are called the temporal bones.


  7. Those on the side of the head are formed by the parietal and temporal bones.

 


Temporal section:顳骨分區 




  1. The temporal section is part of the parietal ridge.

 


Temporary colour:暫時性染髮--無法改變頭髮的底色,分子較大,只能附著在頭髮表面的角質層上,無法滲入皮質,只要經歷一次洗髮過程就會把染料洗掉。




  1. Temporary colour is formulated to cover the outer layer of the hair shaft.


  2. You know how people go to the beach and get temporary colour in their hair?


  3. What layer of the hair does a temporary colour molecule affect?

 


Tender:使變柔軟




  1. This long hairstyle has very slight tender curves that give that springy有彈力的 texture.

 


Tension:張力,使拉緊,使繃緊




  1. It is important that you do not put any tension on the hair as you hold it to be cut.


  2. Hold the hair with light輕微的 tension as you go and make sure to follow the hairline.


  3. Women in particular experience this due to styling their hair in braid, ponytails or other styles that put tension on the hair.


  4. Stress and tension can cause hair loss and baldness, according to a study by researchers at the University of Luebeck.


  5. Tension Hair that is wound under tension will produce a superior and longer lasting style.


  6. This is hair loss caused by tension placed on the hair.


  7. Membrane tension directly shifts voltage dependence of outer hair cell motility and associated gating charge.


  8. Regulation of tension on hair-cell transduction channels: displacement and calcium dependence.


  9. Tension is the amount of pressure you apply when combing and holding a subsection, created by stretching or pulling the subsection. Consistent tension is important for consistent, even results in a haircut.

 


Terminal hairs 終期毛--可在頭髮、眉毛、睫毛及陰部、腋下、鬍鬚等部位,見到的長、粗、深色的毛髮,它們和絨毛有相同的起源,但至青春期起受雄性素的刺激而產生分化。




  1. Terminal hairs are the long hairs that grow on the head and in many people on the body, arms and legs too.

 


Tertiary Colors:三等色-- 等量的一等色和等量的二等色可混合三等色。




  1. The tertiary colors are created by mixing equal amounts of one primary color with one of secondary color.

 


Texture:紋理(質感)--設計的要素之一。




  1. How to texture hair with thinning scissors when cutting women's hairstyles?


  2. Your face shape, hair texture, body shape and lifestyle are the factors that should determine the right haircut for you.


  3. Understanding the hair texture is very important to know if the hair cut goes well with your hair texture


  4. A professional stylist should be aware of volume and depth, movement and direction, texture and definition.


  5. With cutting, we see texture as being related to the type of haircut you are performing表現.


  6. A solid form haircut will give a smooth 'unactivated' surface texture.


 


Thick:厚的,粗的,Thick hair:濃密的頭髮




  1. Thick hair will end up too poufy.


  2. Here are a few很少 hairstyles that look really good on thick hair.

 


Thin:薄,稀少的,稀疏的,變薄,變細




  1. What hairstyle would you advise for thin hair?


  2. When hair is thin, finding an attractive hair style can be difficult.


  3. What hair cut looks good with thin hair and an oval face?

 


Thinning :打薄




  1. Thinning scissors, also called thinning shears,, are an important tool for barbers and hairstylists around the world.


  2. Thinning with a razor is not something an amateur should attempt.


  3. Thinning can also be accomplished by slithering using the open blade of regular barber's shears.


  4. And most commonly with thinning shears with either a regular blade on one side and a toothed blade of the other, or dual toothed blades.


  5. Thinning is an integral part of a haircut.

 


Thinning cut:打薄剪法(Definition定義)--In pruning, a cut made at the base of a branch or stem to remove it entirely and thus thin the plant.




  1. For thinning cut you used the thinning scissors right?


  2. Please choose wisely when you come to decide which hair thinning cut you need to give you the right look.


  3. I haven't had experience of a thinning cut.


  4. Then with the thinning shears make one thinning cut, making sure you are making your thinning cut only in the fuzz.


  5. This was developed for smooth thinning cut without sticking and holding hairs in.

 


Thinning scissors:打薄剪刀




  1. Thinning scissors have a serrated edge, and they can be used to add texture to a haircut.


  2. Thinning scissors are mainly used for the removal of bulk hair.


  3. Thinning scissors helps in creating a wispy appearance to the hair.


  4. Learn about types of thinning scissors for cutting women's hairstyles with expert styling tips in this video clip.


  5. Thinning scissors, also called thinning shears, are an important tool for barbers and hairstylists around the world.


  6. Although thinning scissors are similar to a traditional pair of scissors, they differ by their shape and use.


  7. Some more specialized thinning scissors, referred to as blending scissors or shears, have one jagged blade and one normal scissor blade.


  8. Thinning scissors are not used to perform haircuts, but instead, used to remove volume from thick and unruly or extremely curly hair.


  9. Thinning scissors help “thin out” or add texture to hairstyles by only allowing part of the hair to be cut in the blades, while the rest falls in the gaps.


  10. Many of the thinning scissors are made of stainless steel and sometimes have another metal, such as cobalt鈷, mixed with it to help strengthen the scissors.


  11. Thinning scissors should also be chosen by how much hair the hairstylist would like to remove from a hairstyle.


  12. For stylists and their customers, it is important to remember that thinning scissors should never be used near the roots or ends of the hair because the scissors will not adequately remove volume


  13. It is recommended that thinning scissors should not be used on the same hair more than three times per year.

 


Thinning shear:打薄剪刀




  1. Thinning scissors, also called thinning shears, are an important tool for barbers and hairstylists around the world.


  2. And most commonly with thinning shears with either a regular blade on one side and a toothed blade of the other, or dual toothed blades.


  3.  

 


Tightly:緊緊地,堅固地,牢固地Tight curls 緊密的卷髮




  1. There hair is bundled tightly with a fancy design in the back.


  2. Hair is braided tightly and this is done in straight or geometric patterns.


  3. The tightly-wound, kinky curls create mass in the hair and motion in the extreme degree.


  4. The cut is layered and the hair is given a tightly waved/kinked texture in order to create a style that is less coiffure, and more topiary.


  5. Watch this video hair styling tutorial and learn how to do this red carpet ready tightly curled hair style.


  6. Tightly coiled hair that grows into a typical afro-like formation would have greatly reduced the ability of the head and brain to cool.


  7. Tightly coiled hair in its natural state can be worn in an Afro.


  8. This tightly curled style seems to be worn from c. 1380–1410, and potentially as late as 1420.


  9. Roll hair tightly, with strips of linen, or other “rags”.


  10. This woman is wearing a tightly curled style, this time with an early 15th century headdress.   


  11. We have a picture of a young man whose hair is cut very tight to the head and a swirling design is carved into it like a piece of artwork.

 


Traditional Rod:傳統的捲棒




  1. You dont have to listen to rockabilly music and Slick your hair and get tattoos to drive a cool traditional rod.


  2. Try to do a wrap with the most surface area, not wrapping two feet of hair around a traditional rod.


  3. The hair is originally wrapped on a small to medium traditional rod, and processed.

 


Trends:趨式




  1. Short hairstyles are trendy, adventurous and bold.


  2. The emo hairstyles are the trendy and the teen hairstyles and teenagers have an inclination to this style.


  3. 2009 collection offers a wide range of trendy hairstyles which are easily manageable.


  4. The bob is trendy, versatile and cute.

 


Tripod:三角架(剪髮架人頭)




  1. Tripod is support the mannequin training head. Aluminium alloy made.


  2. The stand selectively cooperates with a handle of the hand held hair dryer to form a tripod  and enable a user to operate the hand held hair dryer in a hands-free manner.


  3. This tripod  is working with all our mannequin heads.


  4. Finger tighten the head to the tripod and then use the set screws to secure the head in place.


  5. I need recommendations on a good tripod for my haircut lesson.

 


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  只要你是雅虎奇摩的會員,都可以在文章下方『我要回應』,或在『留言板』做互動的交流,不限日期時間我都可以收得到喔!、。


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以下是我個人建立的美髮資訊分享網


樹德科技大學:黃思恒數位化美髮教學網』:http://www.pws.stu.edu.tw/cardend/
麥偉美髮教育學苑』:http://emyway.myweb.hinet.net/
美髮沙龍網--剪髮專欄分享』:http://www.hairsalon.com.tw/


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