美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首V

 


美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首V


最後增修日期:2010/04/21


回美髮專業技術常用英文--匯整



  隨時搜集匯整一些美髮『技術書』、『網頁』常見的英文用語,讓自己多接觸、常記錄、多使用、廣分享, 我確信不怕多、不怕難,只要有心、日積月累必可讓自己有更多的見聞,因為第一手資料的穫取是不容遲緩的


 



  以下是依據英文字首作分類,每個常見英文用語後面是對照的中譯用法,及英文單字相關的使用範例。內容若有錯誤,請不吝留言指教





  以下這些英文用語有可能來至於:最新知訊、觀念表述、技術解說、操作流程、設計概念、設計原理、基礎理論、專業用詞、工具介紹、髮型流行史、毛髮結構、皮膚生理、化學應用、色彩學、................


  若有新增搜集匯整的字(詞)-將再依序編輯加入以下內容。



 


Value:數值,明度(Brightness)--色彩的明暗程度,光線反射量多時明度較高,反之則明度較低。在無彩度中,明度最高是白色,最低是黑色,其間為各種深淺的灰色。加入越多的黑則明度降低。加入越多的白則明度提高。各個色系中會因為明度的強弱而區分,例如,紅色當中會因為明度的強弱而區分為亮色或暗紅色。




  1. Value : Lightness and Darkness Value is the term used to describe how light or dark a color is.


  2. Maintaining the correct pH value of the hair and scalp is essential for the overall health of hair.


  3. A pH of 7 is chemically neutral. Hair care products with a pH value in between 3,5 and 5,5 are considered as being beneficial for hair care products.


  4. When pH value drops below 6.0 the cuticle layer contracts and tightens.


  5. When pH value becomes more alkaline (above 7.0) the cuticle layer softens and expands like a pine-cone.


  6. Also many form products make use of the effect of alkali pH values on hair.


  7. Value  is a measure of where a particular color lies along the lightness–darkness axis.
    A color's value is its amplitude.


  8. The Munsell value is an example of a lightness scale.


  9. In the HSV and Munsell color models, a color with a low value is nearly black, while one with a high value is the pure color.


  10. Each color differs in value from top to bottom in equal perception steps.


  11. The Munsell value has long been used as a perceptually uniform lightness scale.

 


 


Variation:變化,變動,差別,差異




  1. Variations in the shape and size of these two muscles could be the cause of dimples.
    There is no question: in the new season we will see a lot of this longer variation of the bob.


  2. In 70’s and80’s bob hair cut had only one variation. But now you can have lots of variation with this hairstyle.


  3. Plain bob cut with a little bit variation can add an extra glamour to your bore dull hair style.


  4. Bob hair cut with various variation is the look of 2009 and you can make this style more glamorous by coloring up your hair.


  5. Additional textures like choppy and sleek add variation to hairstyles.


  6. This sexy variation on a bob comes with long bangs that create a spectacular frame to mysterious eyes.


  7. Side swept bangs are yet one more variation that you may like to try, this is a very polished look.


  8. There are different variation of punk hairstyle according to the color, cuts and style.


  9. There is a wide variation in hairstyles for little girls.


  10. Another variation for mid-length hair is the silky-straight appearance. It looks very simple, but is elegant and just perfect for sporting on formal occasions.


  11. Mohawk or the Mohican are known to be the hairstyle which is a variation of the punk culture.


  12. The "French Twist" is a variation of a regular braid that is usually created from three plaits.


  13. Another interesting variation from the Japanese library of long hairstyles is to go with the braid long hairstyle.

 


 


variety:多樣化,變化




  1. Haircutting is a service that allows for a fair amount of creativity. Each client presents a new challenge. As long as your cutting and styling decisions are consistent with the client’s desires and hair type, you can use a variety of techniques to achieve a flattering look for that client.


  2. She's cute short hairstyle and styles in a variety of colors.


  3. A short unstructured, layered men's cut, tapered unevenly to open up a wide variety of styling options.


  4. A variety of colors are available in the market to dye your hair.


  5. A variety of haircuts are at our disposal even though each haircut looks different on different people that are because each person’s skull has a different composition.


  6. Haircuts can be defined for each length of hair. Short, medium or long haircuts. For each of these there is a variety.


  7. A medium hair cut is perfect for any occasion, requires a little fixing, but always provides a great look because of the variety of styles each cut can evolve to.


  8. The medium hair cut allows more variety as to what can be done with hair including split down the middle, waved to one side, or just a messy bed head style.


  9. The focal point that Emo hair cuts expresses the variety of look.


  10. From long layers to casual shag cuts, this gallery contains a variety of hairstyles for men.


  11. Bob haircut on people with curly hair gives great result if hair are of longer cut variety.


  12. It's possible to master your hairstyle with a variety of hairstyles to choose from.


  13. The hair bangs are customized due to the variety of hair textures.


  14. The hair updo can be classic or modern, messy or groomed, it offers a lot of variety to play with.


  15. Hairdressers use a variety of techniques and tools to make hair appear thicker, fuller, straighter or curlier, whatever the desired effect.  


  16. Hair growths varies over different parts of the head.This is why your hair cut can appear out of shape very quickly. 


  17. Short hair can be cut close, cropped or layered in a variety of hairstyles. This type of haircut is assertive, confident, glamorous, and most of all very stylish.


  18. Relax—you don’t have to give up variety when you have short hair!


  19. See a variety of creative styles, sexy textures, and pretty highlights that can make you look amazing.


  20. The variety and diversity of natural african hairstyles to wear and pictures of braids at different lengths.


  21. You can have different variety of braiding techniques such as English braid, French braid, Dutch braid and fishtail braid.

 


Various:不同的;各種各樣的,形形色色的,好幾個的;許多的




  1. People have various types of shapes for their face. Some have round face, oval shape, square shape and others have triangular shape.


  2. This invention provides an image map for the hair-style where various hair-style are arranged on an axis of co-ordinates according to images.


  3. It is important to understand and evaluate various options as different hairstyles are suitable for different face structures.


  4. Hairstyling has become an art of its own, so much so that one can surmise that everyday, various new styles are born as stylists who aim for innovation give birth to the next hairstyle fad.


  5. Demonstration of various hairstyle up-do's for medium to long hair.


  6. Bob hair cut with various variation is the look of 2009 and you can make this style more glamorous by coloring up your hair.

 


 


Vegetable dyes:植物性染料--染劑成份均屬植物性,採用的植物是一種稱為指甲花(鳳仙花)的材料,該種染料運用歷史悠久,無毒性。




  1. In fact, the only vegetables dyes that can be considered permanent use additional coal-tar dyes to add pigments that are permanent.


  2. Vegetables dyes for hair are used to only add color, they cannot remove pigment to lighten.


  3. So if a lightening product is saying its a vegetables dyes there are also bleaching and peroxide ingredients in there product too.


  4. Metallic dyes and vegetables dyes have been around a long time, but they do leave some unusual and unnatural tones in the hair.


  5. Commonly called vegetables dyes, these products once included various plants and even  extracts from wood.


  6. Metallic dyes and vegetables dyes have been around a long time, but they do leave some unusual and unnatural tones in the hair.


  7. There are three kinds of permanent hair colourants: vegetables dyes such as henna, metallic dyes such as those used to gradually cover grey hair, and the aniline dyes or oxidation tints, which include most of the colourants used professionally in salons.


  8. Vegetable dyes are easier to remove from the hair than metallic dyes, provided that the hair has been only colored one time with the dye.


  9. Vegetable dyes are used to an increasing extent for dyeing of keratin fibers, especially human hair, since these dyes permit a safe dyeing of keratin fibers.


  10. Vegetable dyes are a safe alternative to chemical coloring products.


  11. Vegetable dyes are usually the safest, but there is limited choice of colour in them.


  12. Vegetable dyes are a semi permanent form of hair coloring. They will wash out in about eight to ten shampoos.


  13. The very first hair dye ever developed historically was a vegetables dye known as henna.


  14. The vegetables dyes are used in the form of a powder or granulate, which is mixed prior to use with water.


  15. Users should be cautioned that allergic reactions are possible even from "natural" vegetables dyes.


  16. Most vegetables dyes do fade. In fact, the only vegetables dyes that can be considered permanent use additional coal-tar dyes to add pigments that are permanent.


  17. Since ancient times people have been using organic vegetables dyes to color the hair.


  18. Vegetable dyes work by coating the hairshaft with pigment.


  19. Since vegetable dyes only coat the cuticle layer, each time the hair is colored another coat of pigment builds up on the hairshaft, making it harder to remove.

 


Vent brush:排骨梳--A vent hair brush is a brush that has multiple open slots or vents where the bristles are held, which allows air from a blow drier to pass through the brush to your hair.




  1. If you are looking for the “poofy-er” look in your hair style, you can use a vent brush while you blow dry your hair.


  2. A vent brush is designed to with holes in it to allow the air from the blow dryer through the brush.


  3. If you are looking for a faster way to dry a lot of hair, you would typical use a vent brushsimilar to the one pictured here.


  4. What is a vent brush and what is the proper way to use one?


  5. Using a large round brush or a vent brush concentrate on the fringe to try and get a smooth finish.


  6. Apply styling mousse to slightly damp hair then, using a large vent brush or a paddle brush, blow-dry the hair with the nozzle pointing downwards.


  7. Vent brush is the simplest of all. A vent brush has hollow centres that allow the airflow from the dryer to pass through the hair.


  8. The vent brush is one that has tines instead of bristles.The tines are set into a base that has open spaces to allow air to pass through it.


  9. The vent brush is designed for use with blow drying allowing the hair to be dried more quickly because the brush doesn't inhibit the warm air from circulating through the hair.


  10. Refine it with a vent brush and a touch of hair spray.


 


Versatile,:多功能的,多方面適用的,活動的,易變的




  1. The bob is trendy, versatile and cute.


  2. Medium length, or mid-length hairstyles, are popular, versatile, elegant & often layered hair cuts.


  3. A versatile hairstyle that is layered all around and can be achieved by using simple techniques.


  4. Medium Length Hairstyles are easy to take care of and style than longer hairstyles yet more versatile than shorter hairstyles.


  5. This funky hairstyle is versatile and fashionable. It's an easy hairstyle to maintain and even easier to modify by adding accessories.


  6. As oval is considered to be the ideal face shape it is therefore the most versatile, so nearly every hair style will look good on this face. 


  7. The versatile medium hairstyles of today are softer, being layered, lighter and much more natural looking.


  8. They are also very versatile and can be flicked up at the ends for a casual look or curled or put up for a more glamorous look.


  9. If you are looking for a versatile haircut which is easy to manage, this medium length cut could be just the ticket.


  10. Your hairstyle expresses your individuality and this cut is versatile enough to be creative with it and wear it in a variety of different ways.


  11. This style is pumped full of volume and is versatile for whatever scene you want to get into.


  12. From cute to pretty to formal, these hairstyles are very versatile.


  13. With a hair updo, you can create a sexy style and add versatility to your look.


  14. This reworking is meant to show the extreme versatility of the cut and allows for the creation of a whole new look.


  15. For ease of care and versatility the medium cut hairstyles are hard to beat.


  16. Medium hairstyles have more versatility than their short hairstyle counterparts.


  17. Hairstyles with layers are a great way to add versatility to any hairstyle look this school year.

 


 


Vertical finger waving:垂直的指推波紋




  1. Vertical finger waving differs from horizontal waving in that the ridges and waves run up and down the head.


  2. Demonstrate horizontal and vertical finger waving.


  3. Place a vertical finger waving on side of head; and place a shadow wave on the back of the head from ear to ear.


  4. A vertical finger waving might work as well, if you would like to add a bit of height to your face.

 


Vertical parting:垂直劃分




  1. You are going to want to do a vertical parting again the same width of the rod, and twist that out of the way and have that ready for your rods.


  2. Divide the hair into front and back areas. Take a ¼-inch vertical parting and cut it to the desired length. Overdirect the nape area up and connect the length.


  3. Continue taking vertical partings following the original guideline.


  4. Take a 45° vertical parting from the occipital bone to the nape.


  5. Take another 1/2" vertical parting. Move the previously cut parting to the parting to be cut. Use the previously cut side parting and the top section as a guide. Cut the hair from the top of the section to the bottom.


  6. Brunette hair was cut short and given a vertical parting and brushed forward.


  7. Hands and scissors are applied parallel to horizontal and diagonal parting lines and non-parallel to vertical parting lines.


  8. Take a vertical parting that begins at the crown and connects with the guideline, creating a vertical section that ends at the hairline.

 


Vertical section:垂直髮片





  1. Taking central vertical section, comb hair out from head shape.


  2. A central vvertical section was taken at the crown.


  3. Start on the 'working' side and part off a long vertical section of hair from the center parting to the top of the ear.


  4. The vertical section should be approximately one-and-one-half inches wide.


  5. Separate a second vertical section behind the first making it the same width as the initial section.


  6. Starting once again at the center of the head, separate a vertical section and comb it out at an angle.


  7. If using a horizontal section of hair, turn iron away from head. If using a vertical section, turn iron in either direction.


  8. The next type of foil that we could place is what we would call a vertical section and this section actually runs parallel to the wall.

 


Victorian:維多利亞風格的,維多利亞時代的人




  1. The Victorians emphasized soft, natural beauty in ladies' hair and fashion.


  2. A Victorian woman rarely, if ever, cut her hair. Hair was mostly worn up, and decorated with small pieces like flowers, ribbons, or combs. Long, loose hair was usually only worn by young girls or performers.


  3. Mens' Victorian hairstyles were quite conservative. Hair was generally kept short and tamed with wax or oil. Emphasis was instead placed on facial hair, such as in the styling of a gentleman's moustache, beard, or sideburns.


  4. Late Victorian hairstyles now included wearing bangs (fringes) and using hot irons to achieve waves and curls.


  5. Hairstyles in the Victorian Era were as varied as the clothes themselves, however for the most part hair was worn up.


  6. The elegant and elaborate hairstyles fashionable in Victorian times are famous for their beauty.


  7. The Victorian hair style is a very fancy look but is also a bit more complicated.

 


Vision:視覺,眼光,夢一般的事物,美景




  1. The stylist will have a much more clear vision of who you are and how your hair looks when you naturally do it.


  2. Trend vision is all about pushing the envelope on creativity, fashion and imagination.


  3. Everyone needs a haircut, but not everyone actually gets a haircut, so that is the theory behind vision and haircut insurance.


  4. A common haircut among young male teen-agers. This is when the hair grows over the eyes and restricts vision.


  5. Very popular among hockey players who want to have long hair, but do not want impaired vision.


  6. Having long hair will not damage your vision in the slightest.


  7. Choose a stylist that shares your vision.


  8. Uploading your picture into the software will give you the opportunity get a vision of whether a particular hairstyle would fit you profile.


  9. She has a sense of style and her hairstylist have the vision to put her on the best wear which suits her occasion, mode and the evening.


  10. These photos craft another vision altogether of big and curly wedding updos.


  11. Whether she has short, long, or medium length hair, an updo style can complement a woman‘s looks to create a vision of beauty.


  12. My vision is not an updo that is huge, like some of the more grand female updos, but more of the hair up, twisted and curled into fashionable pieces on the head. 

 


Violet:紫蘿蘭的;紫蘿蘭色的,紫色的




  1. The violet color base, since it is opposite yellow on the color chart, will tone down the yellow.


  2. The cool (ash) colors are blue, green, and violet/purple (same thing).


  3. Violet tones are violet based and an ideal toner after bleaching to control unwanted yellow.


  4. The violet tones should be mixed with natural tones for grey coverage.


  5. Orange is produced by combining red and yellow, green by combining yellow and blue, and violet by combining blue and red.


  6. Yellow, orange and red are often seen as 'warm' colors, and violet, blue and green as 'cold' colors.


  7. Similarly if hair has an unpleasantly yellowish look, tinting with the complementary color violet may provide a solution.


  8. A mixture of red and violet looks brown. Suppose we add a little yellow: the yellow and violet produce grey, and the result is a softer, more mousy brown.


  9. Formulated with a Violet/Blue base to control and negate yellow/gold tones in the hair.


  10. Formulated with a Blue/Violet base, produces natural cool tones. Negates unwanted yellow-orange or brassy tones. Covers grey effectively.


  11. The violet color base, since it is opposite yellow on the color chart, will tone down the yellow.


 


Virgin hair:處女髮-- 沒有燙、染過的頭髮稱為處女髮。(定義)hair that has not been dyed, bleached, permed, straightened i.e. it's hair that has not been chemically treated one way or .




  1. Virgin hair is not processed. It is 100% natural, so there is no damage to the cuticles. The cuticles protect the hair from the elements and give it a natural look


  2. You will be more than satisfied with the quality of our virgin hair


  3. Virgin hair is simply hair that hasn't been chemically altered with dye, relaxer, perms, or other treatments


  4. Virgin hair is no better or worse than chemically treated hair, but it tends to be stronger and softer than its processed version


  5. What is the difference between Natural Color and virgin hair?


  6. Virgin hair means that the hair has not been treated in any manner. There is no chemical processing done to the hair and this includes color. 

 


Virtual:虛擬的




  1. A virtual style can only be achieved with the help of a computer program that allows a person to "try on" a style before having their hair cut.


  2. Most internet companies that offer virtual style programs also have some intelligence associated with them.


  3. However, with the help of virtual hair styles, anyone can try on a Jennifer Aniston, Reese Witherspoon, or Meg Ryan hair style before asking for that particular cut from a stylist.


  4. Shape your hair accordingly to this new hairstyles, and try them on from the Virtual Style gallery to determine whether they are right for you.


  5. Virtual hair styles make your life easier. If you’ve ever wanted to know what you would look like with a certain style, without sacrificing your hair, now you can!


  6. Virtual style’s offer an opportunity to try on a new hair style or overall new look without having to live with a 'hairdo' that turned into a 'hair don’t'!


  7. A virtual haircut or virtual hair color give you an instant view of what you'd look like with a new style.


  8. There is no doubt that virtual hairstyling can be a great way to find the perfect look for a new you.


  9. If you want to see the top 30 virtual hair cuts or visit the men’s section, you just click on the link to explore even more.

 


Vital area:(重要部分,極其重要的,關鍵)區域




  1. You should begin from the nape, dividing your hair into regular parts while securing each vital area using a holder.


  2. The donor hair must be taken from a vital area where the hair is healthy, is bald resistant and is growing normally.


  3. Maintenance is another vital area in hair extensions, this service should always be offered and booked in within a 4 to 5week gap after being installed, just to check everything is intact.


  4. Your hair style is the frame of your face and the fringe is the focal point of that frame, making this a vital area to get right.

 


Volume:量,大量,許多




  1. If you like a little volume in the crown area, before you make your ponytail, you can always take your comb and put in some backcombing.


  2. A rounder face looks best with a formal updo that adds a hint of volume to the top of the head.


  3. If you have very fine hair make sure to use a volume increasing shampoo before trying to achieve a certain type of updo.


  4. Blow drying the hair will also aid in the achievement of volume allowing an updo to be styled easily.


  5. First the high volume crown offers a different look from the sleek flat catwalk updo.


  6. Your goal is to create less volume around the face.


  7. Short haircut with full-volume styling and characterized by tapered layering on the sides.


  8. Sculpture hair or cutting of hair is one of the best ways to give volume to the hair, and change the character of the face.


  9. This curly hairstyle definitely adds volume at the top and sides.


  10. Volume is achieved in styling by temporarily forming damp hair with the use of radial brushes and/or styling rollers.


  11. This volume effect will be lost when the hair is washed and will also be affected by environmental factors, such as wind and sunlight. The use of styling products can support and prolong a style.


  12. Longer hair won’t get lots of volume with layers; instead, it gets surface texture and movement.

 


V-shaped:V型




  1. Consider a V-shaped style where the length is mainly in the back, while the sides and front of your hair appear shorter.


  2. The V-shaped trim. This was the method I learned when I first started to trim my hair.


  3. I see a lot of you have obvious u-shaped and V-shaped hair. I think this looks very nice and adds a little flair to long hair without layers.


  4. Three outer hair cells with V-shaped hair bundles make up one column.


  5. ‘U’ or ‘V’ shaped haircuts will help in giving width at the sides and hiding away all the length of the hair at the back.


  6. V-shaped haircut with layers gives the appearance of length and a classy look that is universally accepted.


  7. V-shaped separation from back of the head to the weakest point of the contour.


  8. I am looking for a picture to show my stylist of a "V-shaped" haircut in the back.


  9. A 'V' shaped style can be considered where the length mainly resides at the back and the sides and front of hair appears shorter.


  10. If you have long hair, get your hair cut in the back in a v-shape

 


以下為其它英文字母文章內容:


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  只要你是雅虎奇摩的會員,都可以在文章下方『我要回應』,或在『留言板』做互動的交流,不限日期時間我都可以收得到喔!、。


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以下是我個人建立的美髮資訊分享網


樹德科技大學:黃思恒數位化美髮教學網』:http://www.pws.stu.edu.tw/cardend/
麥偉美髮教育學苑』:http://emyway.myweb.hinet.net/
美髮沙龍網--剪髮專欄分享』:http://www.hairsalon.com.tw/


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快剪~~專業推剪技法介紹與數位美髮影片分享-斜梳弧推

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