美髮專業技術--常見英文字(詞)-字首N


美髮專業技術--常見英文字(詞)-字首N


最後增修日期:2009/08/22


回美髮專業技術常用英文--匯整


  隨時搜集匯整一些美髮『技術書』、『網頁』常見的英文用語,讓自己多接觸、常記錄、多使用、廣分享, 我確信不怕多、不怕難,只要有心、日積月累必可讓自己有更多的見聞,因為第一手資料的穫取是不容遲緩的


 


  以下是依據英文字首作分類,每個常見英文用語後面是對照的中譯用法,及英文單字相關的使用範例。內容若有錯誤,請不吝留言指教





  以下這些英文用語有可能來至於:最新知訊、觀念表述、技術解說、操作流程、設計概念、設計原理、基礎理論、專業用詞、工具介紹、髮型流行史、毛髮結構、皮膚生理、化學應用、色彩學、................


  若有新增搜集匯整的字(詞)-將再依序編輯加入以下內容。


 


Nail:(手,腳的)指甲,(鳥,獸的)爪 




  1. The nail is made of a hard protein called keratin. A protein is one of the building blocks which make up the body.


  2. The nail care help protect the ends of the fingers and toes from trauma and also help us pick up small objects.


  3. Over the last hundred years, the nails have become more important for cosmetic reasons and less important for protection保護.


  4. Manicuring is the care of the hands and nails.


  5. A professional manicurist best knows how to keep your nails looking healthy and beautiful.


  6. Find easy nail care tips to get the perfect nails you have always wanted.


  7. If your nails go crumbly and whitish or yellowish and separate slightly from the nail bed then it could be a nail fungus infection感染.


  8. Nail bitting isn't exactly seductive, try an anti-biting nail paint.


  9. A standard manicure usually includes filing and shaping of the nails and the application of polish, but there are also speciality manicures.


  10. A manicure may also include  some nail art process the application of artificial nail tips, acrylics or artificial nail gels.


  11. Some manicures can include the painting of pictures or designs on the nails or applying small decals or imitation jewels.


  12. A shortish nail that is straight across the top with rounded edges is the current in style shape.


  13. Here are nail care tips for polishing your nails so they will look beautiful and stay looking fresh longer.


  14. File nails when the white part of the nail tip has grown 1/4" from the pink part of the nail.


  15. Be sure that nails are clean and dry, free of any oil or lotion, before applying polish擦亮劑.

 


Nape:頸背--在後枕骨(Occipital bone)以下的頸部區。(Definition)--The back of the neck at the base of the hairline.




  1. The nape area of the human head is located at the back part of the neck. It consists of the area where the hair falls below the occipital bone.


  2. The nape can be located by taking a horizontal parting or making a horizontal line across the back of the head at the occipital bone.


  3. Sometimes buns are referred to as nestling into the nape  of the neck which means the base of the bun is placed under the occipital bone.  Also, ponytails which are low on the head may have the base resting right at on under the occipal bone.


  4. It’s important to remember that the occipital bone protrudes at the base of the skull.  To find the occipital bone simply feel the skull with your fingertips until you find a bone which protrudes, even slightly.  Or place a regular comb flat against the nape  area and observe where the comb leaves the head.


  5. Section the hair into five sections, seperating the crown from the nape .

 


Nape section:頸背分區




  1. The upper sections are fuller as the nape section is smooth and clings to the curve of the neck.


  2. The nape section (That’s the hair at the lowest part of your scalp where it becomes your neck.) is trimmed into a curve that gently encircles the neck.


  3. The nape section is left longest, but not so long that it creates a “mullet” effect.


  4. You will use your razor to cut the nape section of the hair from the top of the ears to the hairline.


  5. Take a horizontal parting from the nape section. This hair will be held out at a 90 degree angle from the head form and will be the guide for the crown sections.


  6. Starting at the nape section the hair horizontally and secure the remainder.

 


Narrow:狹窄的,變窄




  1. The short layered hairstyles suit to women with a small, narrow faces.


  2. An extensive collection, with options to narrow your search by color, texture, and more.


  3. A long, narrow shaped face may benefit from a few face-framing tendrils of hair to soften the look.


  4. If your facial shape is long and or narrow, allowing select pieces of hair to remain loose of your updo will always serve to compliment your face.


  5. Women having long and narrow shaped face can opt for face framing tendrils for softening their look.


  6. This shape has a long, narrow chin and a wide forehead. Your goal should be to narrow the chin and widen the forehead .


  7. People with rectangular face appear long and narrow with a square chin and hairline.


  8. The perfect haircut style for rectangular faces is the style that builds width at either sides covering the narrowness.


  9. Faces with heart shape will have wider temples, narrow jawline and small chin. The perfect haircut style for heart shaped faces is a haircut that creates an oval appearance by increasing width at the jawline.


  10. To create a balance shape look for styles that are narrow at the cheekbones and wider at the forehead.


  11. Long and narrow facial shape with a square chin and hairline is known as Rectangular facial shape.


  12. Pear facial shape has a narrow forehead and wide jawline with a round chin.


  13. Diamond  facial shape has  a Widest forehead but narrow at the forehead and chin, hair styles for a diamond face needs to add width to the forehead and soften or disguise the cheekbones to give an illusion of the oval face.

 


Narrow forehead:狹窄前額




  1. Diamond Face: Narrow forehead, small pointy chin, and wide cheeks.


  2. Diamond - Widest at cheekbones, narrow forehead and jaw line of approximately equal widths.


  3. The pear-shaped face is characterized by a small or narrow forehead  and a rather large pouchy-appearing jaw line.


  4. Pear or triangular shaped faces have a narrow forehead  and are widest at the jaw line, with a round chin.


  5. The haircut should symmetry to the narrow forehead  and wide cheeks and jaw line.


  6. A narrow forehead and a wider jaw measurement will generally be called a triangular face but those faces that are considered to be square will have cheekbones, a jaw line and a forehead that is practically the same dimensions.

 


Natural curl:自然捲




  1. A Ouidad haircut may be the perfect fix for natural curl shaping and styling.


  2. The right cut and product will allow you to show off your hair's natural curl and wave.


  3. Easy hair styles using your own natural curlare quick.


  4. Add some waves to straight hair or amp up natural curlwith a curling iron.


  5. This haircut features angled layers around the perimeter which beautifully enhance a natural curl.

 


Naturally curly hair:自然捲髮




  1. When you have naturally curly hair you basically have two options. 


  2. Naturally curly hair is usually fragile, with fine strands, and heavy gels will weigh it down.


  3. Naturally curly hair styles require the right products and right tools.


  4. Naturally curly hair is caused by heredity遺傳 and hormones荷爾蒙.


  5. Whether you have fine naturally curly hair, medium or thick tightly coiled hair - the need for the right product for your curls is undeniable.


  6. Here are a few products to help add life to your naturally curly hair style.


  7. It’s suggested that for naturally curly hair, it’s best to comb the hair while wet or damp to avoid having too much bulk and volume to the hair.


  8. A diffuser擴散器 is excellent優等的 and necessary for naturally curly hair.


  9. This product is excellent for medium to thick naturally curly hair styles and textures.


  10. With naturally curly hair, don't use too many hairstyling products.


  11.  


  12. I myself believe that 75% of the population has some sort of naturally curly hair.


  13. Obviously if your parents or grandparents have naturally curly hair then you are destined to have naturally curly hair.


  14. If you have naturally curly hair it can be an undertaking to take care of it.


  15. Thousands of us are struggling daily to live with our haircuts for naturally curly hair.

 


 


Natural distribution:自然分配--將頭髮受自然地心引力的方向梳理。This is also referred to as natural fall, as it indicates the natural direction the hair takes as it falls from the head with gravity.




  1. The natural distribution can be used from various angled partings such as horizontal and diagonal and others, but the main use for natural distribution is when cutting solid and graduated cuts.


  2. Hair is combed out of natural distribution in any direction except perpendicular.


  3. It is important to work with the natural distribution when locating the fringe area.


  4. The top third portion of the base is hand crocheted, which allows for a natural distribution of hair around the head.

 


Natural fall 自然下垂--將頭髮受自然地心引力的方向提拉。




  1. Natural Fall: The position the hair assumes due to gravitational pull. This may be 0° in some areas of the head.


  2. Natural Fall describes the hair as the lengths lay  naturally over the curved surface of the head---parts of the anatomy are used to describe where the hair length falls (i.e. the chin, earlobe, neck, shoulder)


  3. Cut the shortest part of the fringe over the eye before holding the hair in the natural fall and cutting a blunt baseline.


  4. Comb everything to natural fall and cut at one finger's depth.


  5. She designs an A-Line angled BOB HAIR CUT using the natural fall of the hair to create flowing layers.


  6. Side parting styles are also easy as the uneven haircut allows the natural fall.


  7. Do not pull your hair back into a ponytail or tuck hair behind your ears as this disrupts the natural fallof the curls.


  8. For the fringe, work with the natural fall of the hair.


  9. State the importance of working with the natural fall of the hair when considering weight distribution within a hair cut .


  10. Comb hair to its natural fall and ruffle it with your fingers to look for the natural curl response.


  11. This is also referred to as natural fall, as it indicates the natural direction the hair takes as it falls from the head with gravity.


  12. 0º or flat to the surface of the head and natural fall would normally be used to cut a solid form haircut.


  13. Angles between natural fall and 90º will result in graduation. The most commonly used angle is 45º.


 


Natural Hair Color:自然髮色




  1. Natural hair color is a person's original hair color; in other words, excluding any artificial colors, highlights, or chemicals that can coat the hair (such as chlorine that makes the hair look green).


  2. Your natural hair color does take into account any natural bleaching that is caused by the sun.


  3. Natural hair color is an important thing for a colorist to take into consideration as each natural hair color reacts differently to artificial color.


  4. Go a few shades lighter then your own natural hair color and keep it piecey and chunky.


  5. It's important to consider your natural hair color, your skin tone and eye color when choosing a new hair color.


  6. Choose coppery-reds instead of blue reds for a more natural hair color.


  7. Not many women are satisfied with their natural hair color.

 


Natural level:自然色階--利用漂劑,使處女髮改變明亮度的過程,所呈現的各種明度等級。




  1. The processes to alter the natural level of curl would have to be repeated as necessary to handle the new hair growth.


  2. A hair color shade is a color and numbering system that is used by hair colorists to determine a person's natural levelof neutral color.


  3. Don’t stray far from your natural level and tone.


  4. We touch up the base color to a natural level 6 and add highlights every other visit.


  5. Burgundy reds葡萄酒紅 are for clients with natural level 5 hair and darker.

 


Natural Moisture Factor:保濕因子--簡稱N.M.F-體表皮膚、表皮層等是最外層,也是第一道的防線,平常表皮的角質層,通常含有20﹪的水份,而存在角質層內具有調節水分含量的成分稱為天然保濕因子,包括胺基酸、尿素、尿酸、無機鹽等,缺少它們,將會造成皮膚的乾燥、皸裂,因此含有天然保濕因子的保養品,就有加強皮膚保濕性的功效.洗髮(皮膚)時所使用的肥皂或清潔劑,及陽光照射或季節變化,都很容易使頭髮及皮膚中的保濕因子流失。




  1. To carry large amounts of Natural Moisture Factor nm sphere, to strengthen its pore structure of the active.


  2. The special blend of natural ingredients is designed to help your skin produce more of its own Natural Moisture Factor while hydrating at optimal levels for the skin.


  3. The skin's natural barrier is disrupted as this plastic coating inhibits its ability to breathe and absorb the Natural Moisture Factor.


  4. Contains Vitamin B5 and The Natural Moisture Factor for real hair moisture水分.


  5. Hyaluronic Acid is known as the best Natural Moisture Factor due to its supreme moisture preservation capacity.

 


Neck:頸




  1. A long, graceful neck is a beautiful and desireable feature and should be shown off and considered when choosing a hairstyle.


  2. Short hair can really show off your neck.


  3. If you want a short hairstyle and your neck is short, create the appearance of length by tapering your hair at the base of the neck and fuller on top.


  4. The Sides: have been blunt cut to the neck for a solid look.


  5. The Sides: have been cut and shaped around the neck for a soft finish.


  6. Take a stand of your hair from the nape of your neck and let the hair color sit擱置 on it for 20 minutes.

 


Neckline:頸線




  1. This hairstyle covers the neckline into severe straight and glossy lines.


  2. Choosing the right neckline finish can make a huge difference in the appearance of your haircut.


  3. Finally a V or plunge neckline is most flattering.


  4. If the wedding dress has a lower cut neckline, then wedding hairstyles with soft, feminine curls or waves would look beautiful.


  5. Chinese bob is at the neckline, bobbed up around the edge.


  6. The hairs are cut at back of the neckline and stacked up creating soft fullness.


  7. Inverted bob hairstyle is worn tapered around the perimeter and keep it near at the neckline.

 


Neck side line:頸側線 


 


Neck side point:頸側點


 


Neck strip:條,帶;細長片




  1. A method of using at least a neck strip apparatus during a hair cut.


  2. Place a cape over the neck strip and fasten in the back.


  3. What is called a neck strip and we're just going to put that right on his neck and then you're going to go ahead and put the cape on.


  4. When you do this you want the cape to touch your neck strip and not this skin.


  5. Place a cape over the neck strip and fasten in the back.


  6. The first step is to tie a neck strip around your neck at a comfortable fit.


  7. A barber's neck strip has an elongated thin elastic strip of flexible material having opposite ends.

 


Negroid hair:黑人毛髮--黑人源起於非洲,他們的毛髮是黑的並且很緊密的捲起,也傾向乾燥,非常容易被『熱』與『化學藥劑』所傷害。 




  1. Negroid hair is from people originated in Africa. This hair is black and curled. It tends to be woolly and dry is more easily damaged by heat and chemicals.


  2. A Negroid hairshaft exhibits variation or apparent variation in diameter because of its flattened nature and the manner in which it lies on the microscope slide.


  3. Knotting occurs most commonly in negroid hair and longer hair that is curly.


  4. Negroid hair is identical to Caucasoid and Mongoloid hair in amino-acid composition and distribution.


  5. Caucasians are oval to round in shape, whereas cross sections of Negroid hair are flat or oval in

 


Neutral:中性--如PH值7




  1. Neutral perm and Alkaline perm due to the different pH value.


  2. Affirm is a near neutral perm wave that will protect the hair with a network of amino acids during the fixed processing time.


  3. Avoid use of neutral cold perms, which hairdressers usually apply these days.


  4. The neutral pH-level, proteins, keratin and cationic active complex save the structure of an eyelash and give an opportunity of concurrent eyelash coloration.


  5. Mix natural neutral henna hair color with sufficient hot water in a glass bowl to form a smooth paste.


  6. There are also neutral haircolor bases that can be used for those with naturally neutral hair.

 


Neutralizer:中和劑




  1. While most perm kits instruct you to reserve a portion of the neutralizer for use after the rods have been removed to ensure that the hair is saturated by the neutralizer.


  2. A neutralizer for permanently waving hair containing water.


  3. In a neutralizerfor permanently waving hair comprising water and an oxidant.


  4. The most common neutralizer in perms is hydrogen peroxide in 5 or 10 volume strength (about 1.5-3% peroxide). 


  5. Because you hadn’t had any of the disulfide bonds of your hair broken, your hair wouldn’t have reacted very strongly to the neutralizer.


  6. Once the disulfide bonds of the hair have been broken by the waving lotion in a normal process, the neutralizer reforms the bonds through a process called oxidation.

 


No-stem curls:無髮幹捲髮
1.No-stem curls are held at what elevation?
2.The no-stem curl is placed directly on the base of the curl.


 


Normal hair:正常髮質




  1. Normal hair is neither greasy nor dry, has not been permed or colored, holds its style and looks good most of the time.


  2. Normal hair is ideally suited to the daily use of two-in-one conditioning shampoos.


  3. Normal hair responds well to regular brushing, smoothing, and polishing.


  4. What is normal hair loss?


  5. Understanding the mechanics of normal hair loss will help to identify the most effective way for you to grow hair quickly.


  6. Normal hair loss is a part of hair growth cycle, when a hair is formed than it gets older and then falls out.


  7. Normal hair loss depends on genetics and is therefore very individual.

 


Normal projection:(垂直的;直角的)提拉--髮片提拉形成等腰三角型的狀態。the hair is viewed as if it were sticking straight out from where it grows on the various curves of the head---this allows you to analyze the  structure or length arrangement of the hair




  1. What is meant by normal projection?


  2. Normal Projection: Hair held uniformly at 90° in relation to the position of the head.A way to analyze structure (length arrangement) as if the hair were sticking straight out from and head.


  3. Normal Projection views are used to analyze the structure of a sculpture. It is also the projection angle at which uniform layering is performed.


  4. The disconnected line shown in form modification of scalp zone becomes lengthwise arrangement of nape line in the normal projection.

  


 


以下為其它英文字母文章內容:

按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首A
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首B
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首C
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首C2
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首D
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首D2
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首E
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首F
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首F2
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首G
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首H
按此前往瀏覽:
美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首I
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首J
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首K
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首L
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首M
本篇文章位置美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首N
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首O
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首P
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首Q
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首R
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首S
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首T
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首U

按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首V
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首W
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首X
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首Y
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文字(詞)-字首Z
按此前往瀏覽:美髮專業技術Glossary--常見英文用語-綜合字(詞)


 


  只要你是雅虎奇摩的會員,都可以在文章下方『我要回應』,或在『留言板』做互動的交流,不限日期時間我都可以收得到喔!、。


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以下是我個人建立的美髮資訊分享網


樹德科技大學:黃思恒數位化美髮教學網』:http://www.pws.stu.edu.tw/cardend/
麥偉美髮教育學苑』:http://emyway.myweb.hinet.net/
美髮沙龍網--剪髮專欄分享』:http://www.hairsalon.com.tw/


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